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Shanghai Ceasefire Agreement

Access to Hongqiao airport was a violation of the conditions agreed by China and Japan under the 1932 ceasefire. [12] It is not yet known whether he attempted to enter the military airport. The incident has exacerbated tensions between Chinese and Japanese forces in Shanghai. On 10 August, the Consul General of Japan asked the Chinese to withdraw the Peace Defence Corps and dismantle their defence work around the city. He also said that the Imperial Japanese Army considered the execution of a Japanese officer to be humiliating and that any other incident would aggravate the situation. In response to the incident, the Japanese began sending reinforcements to Shanghai. Due to the increased Japanese military presence in Shanghai, Chinese troops were also deployed to the Shanghai area from 11 August. As Marshall ignores the January 10 ceasefire agreement, his current proposal for a “10-day ceasefire” has no other meaning than to help Chiang Kai Shek again force the Chinese to gradually submit to Chiang Kai Shek and help Chiang, step by step, eradicate liberated areas, the poor and people, communist Central Committee members said. [“] ww2dbaseA 5 May, the Shanghai ceasefire agreement was signed. Areas surrounding the Chinese cities of Shanghai, Suzhou and Kunshan should be free from the Chinese military; instead, cities should be protected by the Japanese. The agreement angered the Chinese, with some accusing Western powers of appeasing Japan`s aggression. Although this battle took place without a formal declaration of war, some saw it as the beginning of the Second Japanese and Japanese War.

On 26 February, one of the largest Japanese attacks to date was intercepted with 9 B1Ms and 6 A1Ns by five Chinese fighters. Defenders had the worst of the fight, three fighters were shot. All Japanese planes returned safely to the base. On March 1, the 19th Army Route was surrounded by Japanese troops and forced to surrender, leaving Shanghai undefeated. The Shanghai incident was ended shortly thereafter by a ceasefire agreement. At the same time, Japan announced the existence of Manchukuo, the puppet state sculpted by the former Manchuria. As Shanghai was a metropolitan city with many foreign interests invested in it, other countries, such as the United States, Great Britain and France, tried to negotiate a ceasefire between Japan and China. However, Japan refused and continued to mobilize troops in the region. On 12 February, representatives from the United States, the United Kingdom and France negotiated a half-day ceasefire for humanitarian aid to civilians caught in the crossfire. The member in charge of the Communist Central Committee said that the Communist Party already had more than enough experience in the so-called “ceasefire”.